For your final presentation and paper, conduct an in-depth study of a problem (fact finding) that affects a
specific community and prepare and advocacy-lobby plan. Refer to Benjamin Shepard’s Promoting Community
Projects as Social Activism.
1. The issue/problem: Gather facts on a specific issue that affects a community. Your group will research the
history of the problem, its incidence and its prevalence. Use reliable sources.
The need community: Gather facts on the need/benefit community. You will engage in extensive fact finding
about this community. Learn as much as possible about this community to understand its strengths, needs, and
2.What is in place now to solve the problem? Who is doing/has done what to address the problem? Answering
these questions will help you identify the target for change.
What is the general public opinion about the problem? Check Public Opinion Polls.
What laws (local, state, federal) are in place now to address the problem?
Are there any pending bills to address the problem? If so, who is the sponsored of the bill? What is the current
status of the bill?
Are there any legislative committees responsible for this problem?
What government agencies, advocacy organizations, community groups, or agencies exist now to address the
problem? What have they’ve done or are doing now to address the problem?
Are there any other individuals, groups, or organizations doing something about the problem?
3. The target for change: Use your research (Answers to questions 1 – 2) to identify the target for change.
What or who needs to change? An organization? A social welfare agency? A law? A procedure? A specific
individual or group? Keep in mind that you should identify a specific policy objective. This step requires a lot of
discussion among group members.
4. Strategies and tactics: Prepare your advocacy plan.
Describe the tactics and strategies you will use to achieve the policy objective.
Explain your rationale about your strategies and tactics. Are you confident that by choosing these strategies
your group will garner the power necessary to achieve your policy objective?
5. Implementation: Taking action
Describe the steps you have taken to implement your advocacy/lobby plan.
Note, this is not theoretical. Only write what you have actually done to achieve this plan.
List the resources needed to implement each strategy and tactic you selected
What obstacles did you face?
Getting the word out: What media did you use to make your efforts known to stakeholders and
Generate support for your cause?
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