Why immigrants migrate from their homeland countries to different countries


A multitude of research has been done to statistically show how immigrants find more financial opportunity and freedom by migrating to a first world country, rather than simply residing in their homeland. Financial implications is not the only reason these immigrants choose to move, as oftentimes these migrants are either sponsored by their family or are fleeing from threats in their homeland (Waters and Pineau 2015, p. 127). That being said, the migrant process in itself is not as easy going as it may seem, being that it is both an expensive and strenuous task for any immigrant to go through. Migration is both taxing financially as well as on the mind. Not only do migrants usually have to take care of hefty expenses such as travel, but the mental aspect can be very challenging as well. These immigrants are basically forced to assimilate into American language and culture in a matter of weeks in order to successfully acquire a job in the States. We will be observing why immigrants from Mexico tend to migrate to California, and the specific social, political, and economic aspects of their immigration experience. In addition, we will try to see what this accomplishes for the migrant himself or herself as well as American society as a whole.
Possible research question(s):
Immigrants migrate from their homeland countries to different countries in order to improve their lives and future. Some reasons are personal and societal, push and pull factors, and economic and workforce issues pertaining to immigrant communities. Possible research questions that we have are “what factors lead to people choosing to migrate, specifically Mexican immigrants to California?”, “Do migrants typically find greater financial success in the place they move to rather than the place they came from?”, “Are there institutional problems with the immigration process that can be restricting to migrants?”, and “How does state policy limit job opportunities or other social benefits for migrants?”
Significance of project:
United States immigration is an integral part of our economy and daily life. A multitude of immigrants take up a good portion of our workforce, specifically the vacancy in blue collar jobs, in which migrants fill its much needed void. We will also focus on the realities that immigrants face in The United States, trying to get a stable and well-paying job while dealing with state policy regarding immigration and the majority of jobs that accept immigrants are low-wage jobs. In our research project, we will be observing why migrants choose to immigrate, and it’s given effect on the US economy. Furthermore, the significance of this migration is essential to the success and power that the United States holds today.
Approach that may be taken:
For this research project, we will be using a mixed methods approach, by which we will create a survey that can help to qualitatively understand the migrant experience and use various sources to perform quantitative data analysis. We will be investigating the various factors that prompt people to migrate, the difficulty or ease of their transition process, and the level of success in their job search in the United States.
The sample in this research project is a compilation of sources that contain quantitative data about the Mexican immigrant experience in California. One source we intend to use is the US Census Bureau from the years 2017 and 2018 that contain variables of the immigration experience, such as age, education and employment of the immigrants. Furthermore, we will look at the median income of Mexican immigrants and compare them with other immigrant populations to better understand the specific challenges that they face.
Next, we will be creating a survey to gather qualitative data relating to an immigrant’s transition experience to the United States, specifically to California. The survey will contain questions that are based on a number scale or require short answers. It will be administered to the Mexican immigrant population from various age, gender, and income brackets. It will also be imperative that we can sample a wide range of people with different backgrounds to truly have the sample be representative to the population; however, with our limited resources, it may not be possible to have a very representative sample.
As for the literature review, there exists many articles and literature on the Mexican immigration experience in the United States, and specifically California, that discusses the push and pull factors that drive immigration, the transition process of acculturation, and the political, social and economic implications of being an immigrant. In the article Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Mexican Immigration: The Mexican-American Perspective, Tomás Jiménez aims to explore the Mexican Americans’ perceptions of the costs of and benefits of immigration. In his methods, he administers 123 interviews with later-generation Mexican Americans in various states, including California, Kansas, Garden City, and a few others. The results are mixed in that on the one hand, there is strong anti-Mexican nativism that regards more Mexican immigration “would lead to status degradation for all people of Mexican descent”; however, on the contrary, the “ideology of multiculturalism” leads some Mexican Americans to see “a large Mexican-immigrant population” as a benefit (Jiménez 599). We can see that Mexican immigration is not based solely on “economic considerations, but on social and cultural considerations” as well (Jiménez 599). We will continue to look more in-depth at other literature and journal articles that can give us a better understanding of our research topic.


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