Lisandra Ponce de Leon Florida National University NGR-5101 Nursing Theory

Please respond to the two classmates 150 word minimum. #1
Lisandra Ponce de Leon Florida National University NGR-5101: Nursing Theory
Instructor: Dr. Barry Eugene Graham Discussion 8 04/04/2021 Discussion #8 -Chapter 30 Marlaine Smith’s Theory of Unitary Caring
The middle-range theory of unitary caring has been advanced as a model for palliative care practice. Reed (2010), a palliative care clinical nurse specialist, has described how unitary caring is used as a guide for his practice. Reed’s (2010) dissertation explored Marlaine Smith’s Theory of Unitary Caring experiences in providing and receiving massage and simple touch at end of life. The study was a secondary analysis of qualitative interviews from persons with advanced cancer who had received massage or simple touch as part of their participation in a research study. Three themes were identified from the data that describe their experiences of receiving touch: (1) pattern recognition and wholeness, (2) caring relationships, and (3) transformation and transcendence. These themes were related to unitary caring, the theoretical framework for the study. Unitary caring is used as a guiding theory for studying nursing at St. Thomas University in Houston, Texas. This program has a unique curriculum model built on the tenets of unitary caring. The unitary theory of caring provides a constellation of concepts that describe caring from a unitary perspective. The theory is constituted with five concepts: manifesting intentions, appreciating pattern, attuning to dynamic flow, experiencing the Infinite, and inviting creative emergence. Assumptions of the theory were explicated, each concept was described, and examples of empirical indicators for practice and research were offered. The unitary theory of caring is new; it can grow through those who invest in it through testing it in practice and research. Reference: Reed, S. (2010). A unitary caring conceptual model for advanced practice nursing in palliative care. Holistic Nursing Practice, 24(1), 23–34. #2
Yelisa Rivero
NGR 5101 Nursing Theory
Dr. Barry Eugene Graham DNP, MSN-Ed RN
April 10, 2021
The theorist I would choose in constructing a framework for the care of my staff and patients is Barret’s theory of power as knowing participation in change. It is because, according to Barret, power is the ability to engage knowingly in the aspect of transformation characterizing the constant joint procedure of individuals and society. The visible, measurable elements of power are awareness, freedom to act intentionally, choices, and engagement in coming up with change. Barret expounds M. Rodger’s (1970) axiom that human beings can engage in transition when they are aware. The theory discusses power in nursing practice and its association with changes such as attitudes and conduct in dealing with patients. According to Barret, patients and nurses would engage jointly and knowingly to maximize the nursing interventions (Smith & Parker, 2014).
The COVID 19 pandemic presents various health challenges such as fear, isolation, pregnancy, exposure to the virus, psychological issues, guilt, impacted care standards, etc. To achieve optimum healthcare outcomes, it is critical for the patients and medical practitioners to participate mutually in dealing with the disease. It includes the patient’s knowledge of the condition and ways in which it is transmitted. As a result, the patient will be able to understand the importance of isolation and ways in which one can prevent himself or herself from being infected with the virus. The patients and the health practitioners will also understand that dealing with the pandemic is a continuous process; therefore, being able to participate in it and dealing with the various challenges accompanied by the epidemic.
Smith, M. & Parker, M. (2014). Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company. ISBN-13:978-0-8036-3312-4
Smith, M. & Parker, M. (2014). Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company. ISBN-13:978-0-8036-3312-4